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Guidelines for Manure Management for Prince Edward Island

Table of Contents

Background

Preface

  1. Introduction

    1.1 Current Concerns
    1.2 Purpose of Guidelines
    1.3 Intended User of Guidelines
    1.4 Overview of Permits and Approvals Process

  2. Summary of Guidelines
  3. Manure Management

    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Manure Types
    3.3 Manure as a Fertilizer

    3.3.1 Nitrogen
    3.3.2 Phosphorous
    3.3.3 Micro-organisms
    3.3.4 Organic Matter
  4. Manure Storage

    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Existing Manure Storages
    4.3 Planning a Manure Storage
    4.4 Selecting a Manure Storage System
    4.5 Siting for Manure Storages
    4.6 Types of Manure Storage Structures
    4.7 Manure Storage Capacity
    4.8 Subsurface Investigations for Manure Storages
    4.9 Design and Construction of Concrete or Metal Tanks
    4.10 Design and Construction of Earthen Storages

    Seepage Control Using Natural Soil
    Seepage Control Using Synthetic Liner
    Side Slopes Stability
    Berm Width
    Depth to Bedrock
    Depth to Watertable
    Distance to Subsurface Drains
    Agitator Pads
    4.11 Design and Construction of Solid Manure Storages
    4.12 Field Manure Piles
    4.13 Composting of Manure
    4.14 Constructed Wetlands
    4.15 Exercise Yard Runoff
    4.16 Safety Requirements for Manure Storages
    4.17 Odour Management in Barns
    4.18 Manure Storage Odour Control
  5. Land Application of Manure

    5.1 Manure - A Sustainable Resource
    5.2 Minimize Odour During Spreading

    5.2.1 Equipment Selection for Liquid Manure
    5.2.2 Public Relations
    5.3 Manure Spreading
    5.3.1 Recommended Setbacks for Spreading Manure
    5.3.2 Water and Soil Pollution
    5.3.3 Sensitive Groundwater Areas
    5.3.4 Factors Affecting Manure Application System Selection
    5.3.5 Soil Compaction
    5.3.6 Seasonal Considerations
    5.3.7 Spreading Agreements
    5.4 Manure Application Rate
    5.4.1 Nutrient Losses During Storage and Application
    5.4.2 Soil and Crop Implications
    5.4.3 Calculating the Application Rate
    5.4.4 Estimate of Land Base Required
    5.4.5 Use of Manure in Manure Management Plans
    5.4.6 Nutrient Management Strategies
    5.4.7 Soil and Manure Testing
  6. Environmental Impact Assessment Process

    6.1 Livestock Unit
    6.2 Commercial Livestock Operations - Minimum Size
    6.3 Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Process

  7. Siting to Reduce Odour Nuisance

    7.1 Minimum Separation Distance (MSD Method)
    7.2 Application of Minimum Separation Distance (MSD) in Land Use Planning
    7.3 Implementation of Minimum Separation Distance (MSD)

  8. Appendices

    A Definitions
    B Possible Concerns Relating to Siting of Manure Storages
    C Nitrogen Retention Summary
    D Alternate Methods of Manure Treatment and Utilization

    Biological Treatment
    Physical Treatment
    E Existing Legislation
    F List of Tables
    G Terms Used In Determining Animal Unit Values For Beef Cattle
    Example Worksheet #1
    Example Worksheet #2A
    Example Worksheet #2B
    Example MSD Worksheet (Feeder Hogs)
    Example MSD Worksheet (Dairy Expansion)
    Acknowledgements and Bibliography

Originally published jointly by:
P.E.I. Department of Agriculture and Forestry and
P.E.I. Department of Technology and Environment
January 7, 1999

REVIEWED: July 3, 2013

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