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1. Introduction

The "Manure Management Guidelines in Prince Edward Island" gives direction for recommended manure management practices as well as serving as a guideline for anyone concerned with the establishment and operation of new livestock confinement facilities, expansion of existing livestock facilities or changes in land use in the rural area. It is the successor to the Draft 1986 Guidelines for Manure Management and Separation Distances in P.E.I.

In order to reduce the potential for environmental problems involving livestock agriculture, the concept of Minimum Separation Distance (MSD) between livestock facilities and other non-compatible land uses is included as a major component of the guidelines. The guidelines are intended to compliment programs and statutory requirements under the Environment Protection Act, Public Health Act, Fisheries Act and other Acts that relate to agricultural use and the development of land and the enforcement of environmental quality.

These Guidelines utilize a two-part approach to promote proper land use siting and livestock manure management. It is intended that livestock farming operations have sufficient land base available for the recycling of manure nutrients as well as provide reasonable separation distances between the livestock operation and neighbours to reduce nuisance conflicts.

The guidelines encourage environmental sustainability by emphasizing the recycling of manure on land through the adoption of management techniques that promote the removal of manure nutrients by the crops grown. The guidelines also provide practical information to assist producers in further reducing environmental problems.

1.1 Current Concerns

The agricultural community and rural residents generally acknowledge that even with the best management, there are odours associated with livestock production. The increasing size and number of livestock operations in conjunction with expanded residential land use in the rural areas has greatly increased the potential for environmental conflicts between non-compatible land uses. Both government and livestock producers are concerned about nuisance odours and the water pollution potential associated with the storage and utilization of livestock manures.

1.2 Purpose of the Guidelines

These guidelines describe manure management systems and practices which will reduce the risk of pollution and minimize odours.

The purpose of these guidelines are:

  • to assist livestock producers in their efforts to prevent pollution and minimize odour
  • to provide a standard which may be used in determining normal, acceptable farming practices
  • to provide information to the general public and officials who want to evaluate livestock, operations for their potential effects on the environment and surrounding land uses.
  • to provide government with a basis for evaluation of livestock operations
1.3 The Intended User

The Manure Management Guidelines are intended to be used by all livestock producers, provincial and municipal officials, land use planners, residential developers, owners of recreation areas and the general public who are concerned with the siting, design and management of expanding and new livestock facilities, or the management of existing facilities.

Producers planning new livestock facilities or changes in existing operations are encouraged to develop a farmstead operation and management plan based on the Guidelines. The Guidelines can also assist producers and the livestock industry in improving manure management strategies.

1.4 Overview of Permits and Approvals Process 1.4.1 Development/Building Permits

All new livestock developments, expansions or modification of existing livestock operations, change of use of buildings for livestock housing and construction of manure storage facilities may require a development/building permit from the authority having jurisdiction in accordance with the Planning Act Regulations or the municipality's regulations. Note: Where a project requires environmental approval and/or an entrance way permit, the building permit will not be issued until the approval and/or the entrance permit is issued. The fees for the Development Permit may vary depending on the location, size and type of the farm structure. The applicant should allow six to eight weeks for a decision on the building permit application.

1.4.2 Entrance Way Permit (if applicable)

All new development along an arterial highway and/or a seasonal road requires and Entrance Way Permit in accordance with the Roads Act, Highway Access Regulations. There is an application fee.

For proposals located in municipalities with official plans and by-laws application must be made to the Department of Transportation & Public Works. For proposals that are not located in municipalities application must be made to the Department of Community Services & Attorney General at the nearest Regional Services Center.

If a highway access culvert is required and/or to be relocated, there is a fee.

1.4.3 Sewage Disposal Permit (if applicable)

A sewage disposal permit is required for any construction, reconstruction or installation of a sewage disposal system for the collection and treatment of human waste and/or milk parlor waste water in accordance with the Sewage Disposal Regulations, Environmental Protection Act. The licensed sewage contractor makes application to the Department of Community Services & Attorney General for a permit. There is a permit fee.

1.4.4 Water Well Permit (if applicable)

A well permit is required for high capacity wells and/or for wells which are constructed or located in areas which vary from the provisions of the Water Well Regulations, Environmental Protection Act. Application is made to the Groundwater Section of the Department of Technology & Environment.

1.4.5 Plumbing/Electrical Permits

All plumbing and electrical work require a permit in accordance with provincial regulations. For further information on fees, consult the Department of Community Services & Attorney General at the nearest Regional Services Center.

1.4.6 Environmental Approval

New commercial livestock operations and significant livestock expansions to existing livestock operations require an approval pursuant to Section 9 of the Environmental Protection Act. There is no application fee.

Published jointly by:
P.E.I. Department of Agriculture and Forestry
P.E.I. Department of Technology and Environment

January 7, 1999

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