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Code of Practice: “Watering Livestock While On Pasture” - FAQ's

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Code of Practice?
The code of practice is mandatory plan of action implemented by livestock producers to fully eliminate access of pastured livestock to all watercourses on Prince Edward Island. It is based on the assumption that all livestock owners should water livestock from sources other than water courses. It is recognized that the Code of Practice will terminate habitat destruction and strongly reduce discharge from livestock from entering watercourses.

Why does the Code of Practice need to be implemented?
The Code of Practice needs to be implemented because:

  • It is important that the grazing livestock industry on Prince Edward Island has a good public perception.
  • Surface water health is important and must be maintained or improved for all users.
  • Livestock is a central part of a sustainable agricultural industry in Prince Edward Island.
  • Stream bank health is important ensure sediment does not enter waterways and endanger its inhabitants.
  • Habitat health for various species is important for their survival.
  • The greater the increase in cattle numbers, the greater the potential for harm to the surrounding environment.
  • Animals must have access to an adequate supply of clean water for animal health and productivity reasons.

When must the Code of Practice be fully implemented by livestock owners?
The need for a transition period has been recognized for producers to gain full compliance with the Code of Practice. The target dates for 100% compliance within three years is as follows:

After September 30, 2001 - Separation fencing with limited access of 10 meters of one watercourses per pasture and in-stream crossings will be accepted

After September 30, 2002 - Fords only, all other access must be fully eliminated

After September 30, 2003 - All livestock must be fully excluded from all watercourses

What if the livestock have to cross a stream?
When livestock have to cross a stream, then a bridge or a stream bed crossing is recommended. Bridges are necessary where livestock must make daily crossings of the stream. Where pastures border on both sides of a salt marsh land or tidal inlets, crossings will be eliminated.

Is there assistance available to aid in implementing the Code of Practice?
The Sustainable Resource Conservation Program (SRCP) has made assistance available on 66% of eligible expenses related to fencing and alternate water supply. In order to be eligible for this program, farmers must have completed an Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) for all owned properties. Deadline for completed applications is October 31, 2003.

What expenses are eligible under the Sustainable Resource Conservation Program?
Eligible expenses will include, but may not be limited to the following:

  • watering systems or devices
  • fence materials (e.g. posts, stakes, wire, electric fencers, etc.)
  • labour
  • watering site preparation
  • stream crossings

How many other livestock producers have implemented the Code of Practice?
Most farmers have already proceeded with this work over the past 11 years. It is estimated that more than 83% of the cattle population on Prince Edward Island do not have access to watercourses.

Who can I contact if I have further questions regarding the Code of Practice?
Contact: Tyler Wright
Telephone/Fax: (902) 887-2535
Tyler Wright is a full-time Technical Advisor for livestock fencing and watering.

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