Forests, Fish and Wildlife
Prince Edward Island Forest ProductsThe forests of Prince Edward Island offer a wide range of environmental and social benefits; they provide income for land owners, employment for forest workers and raw materials for hundreds of every day products. Increasingly, consumers want to know where they can find locally produced, high quality products that match their needs and budget.
Christmas Trees and WreathsPEI Christmas trees are natural, safe and 100 per cent biodegradable. PEI trees are renowned for their quality, colour, and fragrance. Producers grow evergreen trees and wreaths for local retail outlets and export to markets in Canada and New England.
Some growers also specialize in U-cut operations. Families are encouraged to visit a grower in one of many PEI communities to select a Christmas tree right on the stump.
Christmas Tree Resources:
- 2014 Island Christmas Tree & Wreath Producers List (printable)
- View a Map of PEI Christmas Tree and Wreath Producers
- Island Grown Christmas Trees for Island Families - PEI Christmas Tree Association
- Home Fire Safety Tips for the Christmas Tree [Links to Canada Safety Council ]
- Real or Fake Christmas Tree: Which is Greener? [Links to Sierra Club]
- Seven Facts & Figures About Christmas Trees in Canada [CBC Site]
Hardwood FuelwoodWith renewed interest in wood as a efficient and affordable fuel source, many people are turning to firewood for their home heating needs. You can learn more about fuelwood and how to use it efficiently and safely by reading the Consumers Guide to Buying and Burning Fuelwood.
Softwood Lumber and Other ProductsThe earliest settlers used cedar posts for fencing, larch and spruce for building homes and farm buildings, and many different shipbuilding components. White pine was used for masts and rigging spars, while red pine made excellent weir poles and building supports. Eastern Hemlock provided rough timber for construction work and its bark was an excellent source of tannin for tanning hides and leathers.
Today, most of the spruce, fir and pine harvested on P.E.I. is used to make dimensional timber such as studwood (2X4s and 2X6s) and boards. With the closure of the Island's biggest softwood sawmill, Georgetown Timber, in 2008 most Island softwood is exported to mainland mills for processing and resale.
Still there are many small Island mills that specialize in high end softwood and hardwood products such as decking, mouldings, trap materials, furniture, hardwood flooring and many more products and services.
2013 PEI Sawmill List: Kings County
2013 PEI Sawmill List: Queens County
2014 PEI Sawmill List: Prince County
Softwood tree tops and poor quality trees may be sold as pulpwood or used a low grade fuel.
Biomass and BioenergyWith concerns over energy prices and the impact of fossil fuel carbon and climate change, many people are interested in issues related to biomass and biofuels. These fuels can be anything from traditional fuelwood, to straw, waste grain, wood chips or wood pellets. The Biomass and Bioenergy site contains information on policies and programs related to forests and alternate energy potential and possibilities on PEI and in Canada.
Maple ProductsMaple syrup and sugar are widely regarded as a truly Canadian treat. While both the Sugar Maple and the Red Maple grow in forests across PEI, the development of an Island maple syrup sector has often been limited by the young age of most maples and the small size of most Sugar Maple stands.
PEI does not have a large maple syrup industry but there are several small scale producers who manage their forest lands for Sugar Maple and Red Maple and who collect the sap to make high quality maple syrup and sugar products. Some producers may also offer tours of the sugar shack and if conditions allow, tours of the sugar bush too.
The PEI Maple Syrup Producers List* was developed to connect consumers and producers. * If you have a maple syrup operation on PEI and wish to be listed here, please contact Ken Mayhew, Information Officer, Forests, Fish and Wildlife Division.
You can also learn more about maple sugar products and managing maple stands by visiting the New Brunswick Maple Syrup Association.
Specialty Wood ProductsPrince Edward Island is rapidly gaining a reputation for manufacturing affordable, high quality Island wood products for local and global markets. Most of these businesses use locally produced wood, and specialty imported woods, to create products which add value and beauty to any home or property.
Atlantic Wood is an industry association representing value-added wood product manufacturers in Eastern Canada. Members produce a wide variety of products for regional and international markets. Consumers and international buyers can access products or place inquiries directly to the manufacturers.