The Charlottetown soil is the most predominant soil of Prince Edward Island, accounting for roughly 470,000 acres of land. It is characterized by a fine sandy loam texture, is mainly well drained and is highly suitable for the production of a wide range of crops, including potatoes.
The designation of provincial soils in each province is an initiative of the Canadian Society of Soil Science.
Designating the Charlottetown soil as the provincial soil is symbolic and the underlying principle is to protect, preserve and maintain the sustainability of the most precious resource that nature has provided.
It is important to recognize soil as a precious non-renewable resource.
The Island is formed from sedimentary bed rock of soft, red sandstone which produces the rich, red soil. The redness of the soil is due to the high iron-oxide (rust) content.