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Location and Terrain

Prince Edward Island is in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, off the Atlantic Coast of the Canadian mainland. One of the four Atlantic Provinces, this crescent shaped Island is separated from the mainland by the Northumberland Strait. The Island is located at 46 degrees latitude, -63 degrees longitude.

Prince Edward Island is the smallest of the Canadian provinces. Its total land mass is 5,656 sq. km (2184 sq. mi). The Island is only 224 km (139 miles) long and between 6 km and 64 km (four and 40 miles) wide.

Its terrain can be characterized as gently rolling hills. White sandy beaches are predominant along the northern shores while red sandstone cliffs edge its southern exposure. Rich red soil makes the Island an ideal place for mixed farming. The redness of the soil is due to its high iron-oxide (rust) content. 

Many rivers, bays and estuaries indent the 1107 km (688 miles) of the coastline. Many small islands lie off the shores of PEI. The Province has many lakes and rivers, most of which are quite small. Approximately 55 percent of the population lives in rural areas. (Source: Department of Fisheries, Aquaculture and Rural Development 2009 Rural Action Plan)

Prince Edward Island covers a land mass of 5,656 square kilometres (2,184 square miles). Its highest point of land is 152 metres (499 feet) above sea level at Springton in Queens County.



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