People of Scottish descent make up the largest ethnic group in Prince Edward Island. To recognize their contribution in settling PEI, in 1960 the Prince Edward Island Tartan, designed by Mrs. Jean Reed of Covehead, PEI, was adopted as our provincial tartan. The reddish-brown signifies the redness of the soil, the green represents the grass and trees, the white is for the whitecaps on the waves and the yellow for the sun.
PEI became the first province in Canada to recognize an official dress tartan - a late 19th century innovation for evening wear. The Prince Edward Island Dress Tartan was unveiled at the College of Piping in Summerside, PEI, on June 25, 1992. Designed by Ben Taylor, Scott MacAulay, Barbara Brown and John (Jock) Hopkirk, the dress tartan has a different design and substitutes white for one of the dark colours of the original tartan; however, it evokes a distinct PEI feel with its green and Island-red combination.