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Forest Fires

Wildfires are a natural hazard in any forested and grassland region in Prince Edward Island.The Department of Environment, Energy and Forestry has additional forest fire information.


    Wildfires Facts

  • Approximately 8,000 wildfires occur each year in Canada.
  • The average area burned in Canada is 2.5 million ha/year.
  • Fires caused by lightning represent 45% of all fires, but because they occur in remote locations and often in clusters, they represent 81% of total area burned.
  • Human-caused fires represent 55% of all fires. They occur in more populated areas and are usually reported and extinguished quickly.

     



    How to prepare for a wildfire

    If your community is surrounded by brush, grassland or forest, follow these instructions to prepare your home and family for potential wildfires.


  • Prepare an emergency survival kit.
  • Check for, and remove, fire hazards in and around your home, such as dried out branches, leaves and debris.
  • Keep a good sprinkler in an accessible location.
  • Learn fire safety techniques and teach them to members of your family.
  • Have fire drills with your family on a regular basis.
  • Maintain first-aid supplies to treat the injured until help arrives.
  • Have an escape plan so that all members of the family know how to get out of the house quickly and safely.
  • Have an emergency plan so family members can contact each other in case they are separated during an evacuation.

     



    If you see a wildfire approaching your home

    If you see a fire approaching your home or community, report it immediately by dialing 9-1-1 or your local emergency number. If it is safe, and there is time before the fire arrives, you should take the following action:


  • Close all windows and doors in the house.
  • Cover vents, windows, and other openings of the house with duct tape and/or precut pieces of plywood.
  • Park your car, unlocked, with the keys in the ignition and positioned forward out of the driveway. Keep car windows closed and have your valuables already packed in your car.
  • Turn off propane or natural gas. Move any propane barbeques into the open, away from structures.
  • Turn on the lights in the house, porch, garage and yard. Inside the house, move combustible materials such as light curtains and furniture away from the windows.
  • Place a ladder to the roof in the front of the house.
  • Put lawn sprinklers on the roof of the house and turn on the water.
  • Move all combustibles away from the house, including firewood and lawn furniture.
  • Evacuate your family and pets to a safe location.
  • Stay tuned to your local radio station for up-to-date information on the fire and possible road closures.

     


    What to do during a forest fire or wildfire

  • Monitor local radio stations.
  • Be prepared to evacuate at any time. If told to evacuate, do so.
  • Keep all doors and windows closed in your home.
  • Remove flammable drapes, curtains, awnings or other window coverings.
  • Keep lights on to aid visibility in case smoke fills the house.
  • If sufficient water is available, turn sprinklers on to wet the roof and any water-proof valuables.

     



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