Fonds Acc5020 - Frank G. O'Neill fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Frank G. O'Neill fonds

General material designation

  • Textual record

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on provenance of the fonds

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Reference code

CA PCA Acc5020

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1940-1950; Copied 2009 (Creation)
    O'Neill, Frank G.

Physical description area

Physical description

.18 m of textual records

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Archival description area

Name of creator

O'Neill, Frank G. (1913-1971)

Biographical history

Francis Gregory O’Neill (9 February 1913 - 26 December 1971) was born to John O’Neill and Bridget E. Curran of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. His siblings were Richard Joseph, Charles Henry, Margaret Aileen, Mary Elizabeth, Patrick, and James Rupert. Francis, also known as “Frank” or “Huck” to his friends, married Norma Margaret Newsom on 11 November 1938 at the Holy Redeemer Church in Charlottetown. Their sons, John and Phillip, were born in 1947 and 1949, respectively. Frank resided at a number of addresses in Charlottetown over the years including Dorchester Street, Fitzroy Street, Grafton Street, and Brighton Road. Frank worked for six years with the Provincial Bank of Canada as an accountant, for one year as a cost and pay accountant with Standard Paving Company, and for six years as the office manager at Kelly and MacInnis Gents Furnishings Firm. He was Auxiliary Service Supervisor of the Knights of Columbus and a member of the Little Theatre Guild of Charlottetown after World War II. Frank O’Neill died in 1971 at the age of 58.

During his military service in World Ward II, Frank O’Neill was held captive at the Shumshuipo Prisoner of War camp in Hong Kong. The camp was later moved to North Point Prisoner of War camp in Japan. During this period (ca. 1941-1945), Frank was supervisor of the Allied troops, as well as camp entertainment officer at the Shumshuipo Prisoner of War Camp and Director of the Canadian Minstrels at North Point Prisoner of War Camp. In these roles, Frank organized sporting events, game tournaments, plays, and musical performances in an attempt to keep the troops’ spirits high and to distract them from the malnutrition, disease and suffering they experienced as prisoners of war.

Custodial history

Scope and content

This fonds consists of the records (1940-1950) of Frank "Huck" O'Neill of Prince Edward Island, a prisoner of war in Hong Kong and Japan during World War II. Frank served as entertainment officer at the camps and the fonds includes several records related to his activities in this role (ca. 1941-1945), including scripts, programs, sports schedules, game and tournament information, and lists of officers in the camp. The fonds also includes a detailed personal account of Frank's experience at the Shumshuipo POW camp in Hong Kong. Correspondence with Frank's wife and his mother while he was a prisoner, as well as post-war correspondence with the Department of National Defense, Knights of Columbus, the federal Minister of Finance, fellow POW survivors, and correspondence regarding dependant allowance plans, rental administration, and his brothers Charles and J. R. O'Neill are also included. The fonds also includes a few items relating to Frank's post-war involvement in community theatre.

Notes area


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  • English

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General note

For preservation purposes, original newspaper clippings were photocopied and discarded

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Language of description

  • English

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