Fonds Acc3503 - John Alexander MacDonald & John Augustine MacDonald fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

John Alexander MacDonald & John Augustine MacDonald fonds

General material designation

  • Textual record

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Title based on contents of the fonds

Level of description


Reference code

CA PCA Acc3503

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1900-1961 (Creation)
    MacDonald, John Alexander

Physical description area

Physical description

12.58 m of textual records

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Archival description area

Name of creator

MacDonald, John Alexander

Biographical history

John Alexander MacDonald was born in 1874 in Tracadie, Prince Edward Island, the son of Charles John and Elizabeth MacDonald. He married Marie Josephine, daughter of Captain Joseph MacDonald of Cardigan in 1905. By this time he had operated a general mercantile business since 1891 and had organized John A. MacDonald & Co. Ltd. Besides this major company, he had an interest in several other businesses such as Cardigan Dairying Co., Cardigan Silver Black Fox Co., Cardigan Electric Co., and Cardigan Shipbuilding Co. In addition he organized Associated Shipbuilders of PEI in 1932 and served as director of Island Foods, Inc.

He entered politics in 1908 as a Conservative Member of the House of Assembly for Cardigan and served as Minister- Without-Portfolio in the PEI Government from 1911 to 1916. He was Director of National Service for PEI in 1916- 1917 and Fuel Control Administrator in 1918-1919. From 1923 to 1925, he was PEI's Minister of Public Works and Highways. As the Member for King's County in the House of Commons from 1925-1935, he served as Minister- Without-Portfolio in 1926 and again from 1930-1935. In 1935 he was appointed to the Senate.
He died 15 November 1948 in Cardigan.

Name of creator

MacDonald, John Augustine

Biographical history

John Augustine MacDonald was born in 1913 was the son of John Alexander MacDonald and Marie Josephine MacDonald of Cardigan. He appears to have shared his father's interests in business and politics. As well as serving as President of J. A. MacDonald & Co. Ltd. and Director of Associated Shippers, Inc., he was President of the Kings County Board of Trade, a Director of the King's County Memorial Hospital, and belonged to numerous social, cultural, political, military, and recreational clubs and associations.

In a by-election in 1945, John Augustine was elected to the PEI legislature while still hospitalized after being wounded in Normandy in July of 1944. He was defeated in 1947 and re-elected in 1951 when he served as Financial Critic and Party Whip. After two defeats in federal elections, he was elected to the House of Commons in 1957, and re-elected in 1958, where he served until his death in 1961.

Custodial history

Scope and content

This collection comprises the papers of a family very prominent in the political and business affairs of PEI in general, and of the community of Cardigan, in particular. It has been roughly divided into three series: political and personal papers of Senator John Alexander MacDonald who, among other political activities served as the Provincial Director of National Service and Fuel Control Administrator during World War I and administered the Farmers Credit Arrangement Act in the 1930s; political and personal papers of John Augustine MacDonald who administered federal disability, old age and veterans pensions in the province; and records of the various business concerns of Senator MacDonald, the most extensive of which are those of the John A. MacDonald & Co. Ltd., a general mercantile enterprise organized by John A. Senior in 1903 but served by both father and son as president over its lengthy life. Other businesses include the Cardigan Dairying Company, the Cardigan Electric Company, the Cardigan Lumber (Milling) Company, The Cardigan Shipbuilding Company, the Cardigan Silver Black Fox Company and Lewis Marble and Granite Works.

Notes area


Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access


Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication


Associated materials

Related materials


Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Control area

Description record identifier

Institution identifier

Level of detail

Language of description

  • English

Script of description

Accession area